! . . ; 19 Spain Madrid Spain Hotel Madrid See also: Franco-Ontarian, Ken Danby - artist painter. Main article: Bank of Upper Canada, Although most youth gang members are male mixed-gender and female youth gangs also exist. Youth from lower-income families are more likely to self-identify as gang members, but membership cuts across lower middle and upper income categories. One study found that although Black South Asian and Hispanic youth in Toronto are more likely to report gang activity than youth of other ethnicities 27% of criminal youth gang members self-identify as white (followed by 23% Black 3% Aboriginal 18% South Asian 17% Asian 5% Middle Eastern and 7% Hispanic) a correlation has not been found between youth gang membership and immigration status. Gang-involved youth commonly report a history of abuse and/or neglect poverty dysfunctional families isolation school failure and other psychosocial issues Community and police response.